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Page Maker Tutorial

Adobe PageMaker 7.0
page maker online tutorial by ABCSA
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Chapter 1 - Basic Information - PageMaker 

Basic Information:
Adobe PageMaker is powerful and versatile page layout software. Professionals use PageMaker for its exceptional typographic controls, exacting page design capabilities, including layers, frames, and multiple master pages, and numerous customizing options. 

PageMaker’s extensive importing and linking capabilities let you incorporate text, graphics, spreadsheets, charts, and movie frames from most popular programs. It also incorporates menu plug-ins that extend the program’s features and capabilities. It also supports advanced color printing technologies, including high-fidelity inks, color management support, automatic trapping, built-in imposition tools, and complete separation capabilities for text and graphics.

Let us first understand the PageMaker Window with its various components. Fig 1 shows the important areas of the PageMaker window:

To check figures download PDF

 Fig 1.2

You use the menu bar to give PageMaker instructions on how to set up your publication and lay out your pages. As shown in fig. 1.2, the Menu Bar contains nine different options:

File – Use this menu to manipulate your files. You can create, open, close, save, export and import files with this option. The menu also contains command for printing.

Edit – This menu contains options for cutting and pasting text and graphics.

Layout – Using this menu, you can choose to insert and delete pages. This also has the option for inserting Column Guides.

Type – The options on this menu allow you to specify the size and alignment of your text. Almost everything related to text is on the Type menu, including fonts, sizes, alignment, type styles, spacing and indentations.

Element – This menu contains options that affect graphic elements, such as lines, rectangles, and ellipses/circle, as well as imported graphics images.

Utilities – This menu is the gateway to the PageMaker plug-ins. It also contains Story Editor commands (to perform searches, replacements and spell checks) and options for creating tables of contents and indices.

View – Use this menu to view the page at different levels of magnification. For example, you can see the entire page at once with one option, or you can zoom a section of 

a page to twice its actual size with another. This menu also contains items that can be turned on and off, such as rulers and grides.

Window – Use this menu to control what you see in your window. For example, you can turn on and off display of the toolbox, Colors palette, control palette, and a Style palette.

Help – Use this menu to display an index of different topics on which online information is available.
In many of these menus, there are options that are unavailable at the time of selection and are dimmed. If these menu items are selected, the program just ignores them. For example, the items like Find, Find Next, etc. in fig 1.3.

Fig 1.3

Some of the menu options have a right-pointing triangle next to them. For example, on the Utilities menu, the Plug-ins have this symbol, which indicates that a cascading menu will appear when you select the option. A cascading menu shows a list of additional choices. 

The Toolbox, as in fig. 1.1, appears in the upper-left corner of the window, but can be moved to anywhere in the publication window. The PageMaker tools allow you to create or modify text and graphics on the page. To select a tool, just click on it. Of course, there are also keyboard shortcuts for each and every tool in the Toolbox. The table 1.1 gives the list of tools available along with the function and the icons representing each of them.

Apart from these, there is also the Control Palette as was shown in fig 1.1. In fact, there are many Palettes like Color Palette, Control Palette, Hyperlinks Palette, Master Pages Palette, Style Palette and Tools Palette. The Control Palette changes according to the tool selected in the toolbox.

PageMaker Toolbox

The Pointer Tool
The Pointer tool enables you to pick, drag and drop text boxes, images and other objects, which can then be resized, moved or can have their attributes changed.
Text Tool
The Text tool enables you to select and edit text, as well as insert text boxes. Click the text tool and then click on the document and start typing in text.
 Rotate Tool
The rotate tool enables you to rotate a text box or image to a desired angle. Select the rotate tool, and click on the object's reference point. Drag the object to the angle you want it to be.
 Crop Tool
Enables you to crop imported images down to size. You can only use this PageMaker tool on .tiff images.
 Oblique Line Tool
Enables you to draw straight lines at an angle. Click on the oblique line tool, then click on the document. Drag in the desired direction to draw a line.
 Constrained Line Tool
The constrained line tool enables you to draw horizontal, vertical and 45-degree angle lines. Click on the constrained line tool, then click on the document. Drag in the desired direction to draw a line.
 Box Tool
The box tool enables you to create rectangular shapes. Select the box tool and click on the document. Drag to create a rectangular shape.
 Rectangle Frame Tool
The rectangle frame tool enables you to create a rectangular text box that you can type your text into. Select the rectangle frame tool, then click on the document. Drag to draw a rectangular frame. Select the Text tool from the toolbox and click inside the frame. Type in your text. The text will be confined within the text box.
 Circle Tool
The circle tool enables you to create a circular or oval shape. Select the circle tool, click on the document. Drag to draw a circle or ellipse.
 Circular Frame Tool
The circular frame tool enables you to create a circular or oval-shaped text box that you can type your text into. Select the circular frame tool, then click on the document. 

Drag to draw the circular frame. Select the text tool from the toolbox and click inside the frame. Type in your text. The text will be confined within the text box.
 Polygon Tool
The polygon tool enables you to create a shape that has more than four sides. Select the circular frame tool, then click on the document. Drag to draw the polygonal shape. 

To modify the polygonal shape, click on Element and then select Polygon Settings from the drop down menu.
 Polygon Frame Tool
The polygon frame tool enables you to create a polygonal text box. Select the polygon frame tool, then click on the document. Drag to draw the polygon frame. Select the text tool from the toolbox and click inside the frame. Type in your text. The text will be confined within the text box.

Hand Tool
The hand tool enables you to reposition a page on your screen for optimal view. It is especially useful when you are working with a large document and need to navigate a 

large page. Select the hand tool and click on the page. Drag to navigate from one part of the page to another.
 Zoom Tool
The zoom tool enables you to magnify or shrink the area of the page on your screen.
Keyboard Shortcuts of using Tools:

Basic Information 
Viewing the Page:

The Fit to Window option under the View menu lets you see the entire page or page spread inside your publication window. This is the default view. The Actual Size option displays the elements on your page at their actual printed size. Use this option to read small type. To toggle between Fit in Window and Actual Size, press Shift and press the right mouse button. When precision is imperative, you can select Zoom To select a larger value. To find or view objects on the pasteboard, use Entire Pasteboard. To move to the next greater or lesser preset view of a page, choose View > Zoom In or View > Zoom Out.

To magnify a part of the page, you can drag the magnifying glass after selecting the Zoom tool. Drag to draw a marquee around the area you want to magnify. You can also zoom to magnify or reduce, even when you are using a different tool. To magnify, press Ctrl + Spacebar as you click the mouse, and to reduce, press Ctrl + Alt + Spacebar as you click.

Creating and Opening Publications:
Once you start PageMaker, you can either create a new publication from scratch, or open an existing PageMaker Publication, or you can begin a new publication based on an existing design by opening a template.

When you are creating a publication from scratch, you make basic design decisions in the Document Setup dialog box, which opens automatically when you choose > New. 

You specify page layout details – number of text columns, paper size, orientation, page numbering scheme, and the basic design of the publication. When under Option, 

Double sided is selected, side margins are labeled Inside and Outside. Otherwise, side margins become Left and Right. If you know how many pages the publication will have, you can create them at this point by filling up the appropriate number in Number of Pages. If you do not know, you can easily add or remove pages later. Select the option Adjust Layout when you change the page settings of an existing layout and want PageMaker to automatically move and scale text and graphic objects. If the current publication is a part of a larger book (a linked set of publications), and not numbered sequentially, then select the option Restart Page Numbering. You also have to specify the printer that you will use to print the final version of your publication under Compose to Printer, and select the dots per inch (dpi) of your final output device under Target 

Printer Resolution 

To open an existing PageMaker publication, use the File > Open command to open the original version or a copy of a PageMaker publication or template. PageMaker also keeps track of the eight last publications you opened and saved and lists these when you choose File > Recent Publications.

You should give careful thought to your page setup when you are creating a publication. Before you add any text or graphics to the page, make the following important decisions:

1.Paper size of the final document.
2. Margin settings.
3. Whether you want the page orientation to be tall or wide (PageMaker does not use the terms like Landscape and Portrait).
4. Whether the final document will be double-or single-sided.

PageMaker provides you a choice of 14 industry-standard page sizes: Letter, Legal, Tabloid, A3, A4, A5, B5, Magazine Narrow, Magazine Wide, Magazine Broad, Compact Disk. Letterhalf, and Legalhalf. Furthermore, by choosing Custom, you can create a page of any size. By using PageMaker’s Printer Marks (a fancy name for crop marks), you can tell your print shop exactly where to cut the paper to achieve the desired size.

Working with Text and Graphics:
In PageMaker, graphics that you draw or import and text (which can be contained either in text blocks or in text frames), are called objects. An object can be on a page or on the pasteboard. You can use the pointer tool to select objects. You can select a single object or you can select multiple objects and modify then all at once.
You insert text in PageMaker like you would in a word processor program; click the insertion point where you want to begin, and then type. When you type text, it may appear as greeked text (which displays as gray bars rather than individual characters), depending on the size of the text and the view magnification of page. To get the insertion point, select the text tool from the toolbar. The text tool turns into an I-Beam when you move into the page. Click the I-beam where you want to insert text on the page, and then begin typing. If you click outside of an existing text object, you create a new text block automatically.
Text you create becomes part of a PageMaker story. A story is a collection of text that PageMaker recognizes as a single unit for editing purposes. A story can comprise numerous threaded text objects, or it can be just once text object. To view the boundaries of the text block you just created, select the pointer tool and click anywhere in the text.

Manipulating Pages:
select Insert Pages from the Layout menu. The Insert Pages dialog box prompts for the number of pages you want to insert and the positioning of the new page. If the publication is double sided, the default choice is to insert two pages, and in single-sided, the default is one page. You can insert the new page(s) before or after the current page or page spread, or between the pages in a spread.
The Remove Pages command on the Layout menu is straight forward with an easy-to-use dialog box. You can select any range of pages to remove, but they must be contiguous. When you remove a page, all elements on the page vanish too.

Sorting Pages:
The Layout > Sort Pages command is command is a very handy tool that provides you with instant thumbnails of all the pages in your publication. It also accurately depicts double sided documents, and even provides an adequate account of a document 

Character Formatting:

Using the Text tool, you can insert new text, delete unwanted characters and cut and paste. You can also change fonts, adjust type sizes and add type styles such as boldface and italics.

Moving the Cursor:
To position the I-beam, move it to where you want to begin entering text and click the left mouse button. 
Selecting Text:
After you have entered text with the text tool, many of the changes you might make to it, such as formatting and rearranging, require that you first, select the text to be affected. PageMaker offers several ways to select text while you are using the text tool:
1.Click and drag across the text.
2. Click at the beginning of the text, place the I-beam at the end of the text, and press Shift as you click.
3. Place the I-beam on a word and double click to select the word.
4. Place the I-beam on a paragraph and triple-click to select the entire paragraph.
5. Hold down the Shift key as you press the arrow key. The Shift key will also extend the selection of any of the key combination.
Once you have selected a text, do not type anything. If you do, you will replace the selected text with whatever you type.

Character Formatting 

Using the Character Specifications Dialog Box:
If you need to make more than one change to the type (for example, change its font and size or specify bold and italic), choose Character from the Type menu, or press Ctrl + T. This displays the Character Specifications dialog box, which offers drop-down lists for specifying the font and size, as well as check boxes for selecting type styles.

The Character Specification dialog box provides additional ways to format characters. The Case option’s default setting is Normal, which means that characters will appear in the case in which they are entered. The other options are All Caps and Small Caps. Using the Case option called Small Caps, you can capitalize all characters, with lowercase letters 70 percent of the size of the uppercase letters. To change this percentage, click the Options button in the Character Specifications dialog box. You can then fill in a different percentage next to the Small Caps Size.

Leading sets the vertical space in which text is placed. Like Type Size, leading is measured in points. You can choose from three different leading methods to determine how the type sits within the leading space. You can specify leading as follows:
1.Choose the Auto option from the leading submenu to have PageMaker calculate the leading based on the size of the type. By default, the auto-leading value is 120% of the type size.
2. Choose any of the standard amount of leading listed on the leading submenu.
3. Type a custom leading value (in one-tenth of a point size increment) under Type>Leading>Other to specify a specific leading amount.

Tracking determines the amount of space between letters and words. Tracking is particularly useful for darkening or lightening a page (type with tight tracking darkens a page, type with loose tracking lightens the page) and for changing the spacing of selected lines of very large or very small type. You can also use track settings to make text fit in a defined space on the page. An example of how the text behaves under different amount of tracking. When you choose Type>Expert Tracking, PageMaker displays a submenu of six tracks:

1. No Track (the default setting) means that PageMaker applies no tracking and the letters and words are spaced as the original font.
2. Normal Tracking improves letter spacing by reducing it for large point sizes and increasing it for small point sizes, but adjusting it very little for medium point sizes.
3. Very Loose, Loose, Tight and Very Tight are used under special conditions.

Use Horizontal Scale to adjust the width of characters. You can specify a scaling percentage between 5 and 250% (increments of 1%) or choose from commonly used character-width percentages on the Horizontal Scale submenu. If the typeface you are using has a condensed or expanded font (for example, Helvetica Condensed), favors using that variant over the Horizontal Scale command. Horizontal Scale is valuable for special type effects, not for copy fitting, and not in place of condensed or expanded typefaces already available to you. You can also choose Horizontal scale from Type > Horizontal Scale.

Position is for typing text as subscript or superscript. All other options under the Character Specifications dialog box are self-explanatory Chapter 2 - Character Formatting - IV (PageMaker) 

Aligning Text Blocks with a Ruler Guide:
When you are positioning text blocks and graphics, you may want to use PageMaker’s ruler guides to align elements in the same way you would use a T-Square or a ruler. 

These guides can be horizontal or vertical, you are allowed up to 120 ruler guides in any combination of horizontal and vertical. Like the margin guides, the ruler guides do not print.

To insert a vertical ruler guide, click in the vertical ruler and drag the guide to the right. To insert a horizontal ruler guide, click in the horizontal ruler and drag the guide down onto the page. If your rulers are not displayed on the screen, choose Show Guides from the View menu or press Ctrl + ;.

Positioning text blocks is even easier if the Snap to Guides option is turned on. This option creates a magnetic effect between the object you are moving and the various guides on the page (ruler, margin, and column). To see if the Snap to Guides option is turned on, choose View menu and check the tick against the said option.

Aligning Text Blocks Automatically:
PageMaker allows another way to align text blocks; with the Element > Align Objects command. Using the Align Object dialog box, you can align objects vertically at the top, center, or button, and / or horizontally at the left, centre, or right. You can also choose to space or distribute the objects by a fixed amount (such as 1 inch apart) or within the boundary of the selected objects. When one of the text blocks is already in position, you may find Align Object command to be faster than using the ruler guides.

Before you issue the Arrange>Align Object command, you should select the text blocks (two or more) that you want to align. 
Paragraph Formatting 
Paragraph Formatting:
Paragraph formatting is about the options that affect the paragraph or group of paragraphs, like centering, justifying, indentation, vertical spacing, hyphenation, paragraph breaks, etc. Most of these options are in the Paragraph Specification  dialog box, accessed by choosing Paragraph from the Type menu, the keyboard shortcut being Ctrl + M. You can also make paragraph formatting changes in the Control Palette. To access the Control palette’s paragraph formatting options, click the paragraph symbol (fig 1). 

This results in the palette’s paragraph view. To return in the Character View of the control palette, you have to click the capital T.

Aligning Paragraphs:
PageMaker offers four ways to align text: left, right, centered, or justified. The default paragraph alignment is left; that is, the text is lined up at the left edge of the text block. 

The last line of the paragraph is not justified unless you choose the Force Justify alignment option.

Indenting Paragraphs:
An Indent is extra space on the left or right side of the paragraph. Frequently, the first line of each paragraph of body text is indented. This can be done by specifying a first-line indent. After you set up a first-line indent, you do not have to press the Tab key at the beginning of each paragraph. 

Adding Paragraph Spacing
You should not press Enter key to insert an extra space between paragraphs. There are several reasons for avoiding blank lines created with a carriage return.

In the Paragraph Specification dialog box, you can set the amount of space before and after your paragraphs. Another way to specify the paragraph spacing is in the Control Palette, these fields are marked in figure below.

Using the Story Editor in PageMaker 
The Story Editor
The Story Editor is yet another way to type and edit text in PageMaker. Just click the text you want to edit, press Ctrl + E (or use Edit > Edit Story from the menu), and your story appears in its own word processing window. All the text tool’s editing commands (insert, delete cut and paste) are available in the Story Editor. The Story Editor is also equipped with two powerful features that are not there when you use the text tool: a spelling checker and a search-and-replace feature.

Creating Style in PageMaker 

Creating Style:
To create a style, you use the Define Style dialog box to assign a style name to a formatted paragraph, and the formatting contained in the paragraph is then associated with the name. The style contains instructions on character formatting (such as font, size, leading, and type style), as well as paragraph formatting (such as indents, tabs, space above and below, hyphenation, window / orphan control, and column breaks). Note that only one type style can be associated with a style.

You can create style at any point in the design and layout process, but the earlier the better. You can refine the style later. To create a style, click anywhere in the formatted paragraph with the text tool selected, for which you wish to create the style. Choose Type > Define Styles (or Ctrl + 3). When the Define Styles dialog box appears, [Selection] is highlighted. This indicates the style is based on the formatting in the selected paragraph. The paragraph and character formats are listed at the bottom of the dialog box. Click the New command button. The Edit Style dialog box appears. 

In the Name text box, type a name for the style (up to 31 characters). Hold down the Shift and click Ok to close both dialog boxes. The new style is now listed in your Styles Palette. However, this style is not yet applied to any paragraph, not even the current one, because creating a style does not apply the style.
PageMaker offers a couple of other ways to create a style. These techniques bypass the menu and are even faster than the Ctrl + 3 keyboard shortcut. The first shortcut uses the keyboard : hold down Ctrl and click [No Style] in the Style palette. This takes you directly to the Edit Style dialog box. 
The second shortcut uses the Ctrl Palettes. The style field is available in the palette’s paragraph view, so you may have to click the  button to see this field. 

To create a new style in the Control Palette, select the Paragraph-style field and type the new name. When you press Enter, PageMaker will display the message – Style Name does not exist. Press Ok to add this style. After you click Ok, the style name will be added and the style is automatically applied to the currently selected paragraph(s). 

This is the only technique that creates and assigns style names in one step.
Editing and Removing Style in PageMaker 

Editing a Style:

To make a formatting change to a style, you do not edit the actual text; you revise the style. If you format the actual text, you change only the local formatting of that text.

Before you edit a style, it is important that you understand the list of formats it contains. The bottom of the Edit Style dialog box lists the formats. The various formats are separated by a plus sign. Most formats have short, sometime abbreviated, description followed by a colon and a value – face: Time New Roman + size:11. Formats that do not require a value are simply listed with a brief description – flush left indicates that the text is left aligned.

To revise the formatting associated with a style, click the appropriate button – Char (Character Specification dialog box), Para (Paragraph Specification dialog box), Tab (Tab/Indent dialog box), or Hyph (Hyphenation dialog box) – and make your changes.

One way to get to the Edit Style dialog box is by choosing Type > Define Styles. You then select the style name from the Style list and click the Edit command button. A faster way is to hold down the Ctrl key as you click the style name in the Styles Palette or double click on the style name in the Style Palette. 

Removing Style:
If you do not intend to use the default styles in your publication, you should delete them so as not to confuse with the ones being used. Also if a style you created is no longer in use, it is not a idea to delete it.
To remove style names, choose Types > Define Styles (or press Ctrl + 3). In the resulting Define Style dialog box, click the style name to be removed. Click the Remove command button. Repeat this process until you have deleted the ones you intend to. Then click Ok. If the deleted style had been assigned to a paragraph, that paragraph has no style associated with it now. If you remove a style name accidentally, and you discover the error before you choose Ok in the Define Styles dialog box, click the Cancel command button. Any styles you removed will be restored.

Setting Up Column Guides
You create columns to control the flow of text in text blocks that you place automatically, and to help position text and graphics. How you specify columns is determined by the command you use.
Command to Create Columns:

 (1)Turn to the publication page or master page where you want the columns.

(2)Choose Layout > column Guides. When facing pages appear in the publication window and you choose Column Guides, then Set Left and Right Pages separately option appears so that you can set columns differently for each page.

Type the number of columns you want on the page and the space you want between columns (the gutter). If you are setting left and right pages separately , type values for both pages.
Select Adjust Layout if you want existing text and graphics on the page to adjust to the revised column setup and then click OK. PageMaker creates the specified number of columns, equally spaced and equally sized.

Format the Header / Footer Text Block

Following are the steps you have to follow to position and format the Header / Footer Text Block:

1.   Use the  pointer to select a text block in the story for which you want a header or footer.

2.   The command is - Choose Utilities > Plug-ins > Running Headers / Footers.

3.   At the top of the sample page, select the master or publication pages that have the guides you want to use for positioning purposes.

4.  Click or drag the Place icon to create a text block placeholder, and position it where you want the header  or footer to appear. To remove a placeholder, drag it off the page.

5.  Use the nudge buttons or the Position and Width boxes to finalize the placement and width of the selected placeholder. The position is calculated relative to the publication’s zero point, which is indicated in the page preview. The leftmost nudge buttons snap the placeholder to the nearest guide.

6.  From the Content Style menu, select a paragraph style with which to format the text that will appear in the selected header or footer text block.

7.  For Apply to, select a page range for the selected text block or select Each Page in Story. This determines which pages the selected running header will appear on. Use the Range text box to specify a contiguous range(type a hyphen to separate the lowest and highest pages in the range, such as 3-6), a discontinuous range  (type commas 

between the numbers, such as 1,2,7,9), or both. For example, “1,3-6, 10” applies the header or footer to pages 1,3,4,5,6,10 and all subsequent pages. 

8.  Repeat steps 4-7 for each running header or footer text block you want to appear.

Creating master pages
In addition to using the default Document Master in your publication, you can create a master page from scratch, or create a master based on an existing master or publication page. If you plan to have several master pages that share one or more design attributes – such as position and formatting of page numbers, you can save time by designing the Document Master page or spread, and then basing additional masters on the Document Master, rather than creating each new master from scratch.

To make a new master page you have to follow the following few steps:
1.Choose Window > Show Master Pages.

2. Choose New Master Page from the Master Pages palette menu, or click the new master button at the bottom of the palette.

3. Type a name for the master and specify whether you want a single page or a two-page spread. 
3a. If your publication is single-sided, you do not have the option of creating a spread. 
4. Specify the margins, number of columns and space between the columns.
4a. If you are creating a two-page master spread, be sure to specify columns and the distance between them for both left and right hand pages in the spread.
5. Click OK.

Strokes and Fills:
You can modify objects a number of ways in PageMaker (resize, rotate and add color to objects). For objects drawn with PageMaker drawing tools, you can also change stroke (the width of lines drawn with the drawing tools and the width of borders around rectangles, ellipses and polygons), as well as stroke and fill patterns. If you select stroke of fill attributes when no object is selected, those attributes become the new default settings. Objects you subsequently draw adopt those attributes until you change them.

You can use, apply or change fill and stroke in these following ways:
1.Using the Pointer Tool, select an object.
2. Use one of the following methods:
2a. To set both the fill pattern and stroke attributes for the selection, choose Element > Fill and Stroke, and select attributes from the Fill and Stroke pop-up menus.

2b. To change only the fill pattern or stroke attributes, choose Element > Fill or Element > Stroke and select attributes.

2c. If the stroke size you want is not listed on the Stroke menus, choose Element > Stroke > Custom to specify a weight from 0 – 800 points in 0.1 increments.

3. Choose any additional attributes for strokes:
3a. Choose the Transparent Background option if you want objects placed behind a patterned stroke to show through the spaces in the pattern.

3b. Click the Reverse Stroke option to draw a paper-colored stroke or outline of a shape on a contrasting black, shaded or colored background.

Creating Frames in PageMaker 

PageMaker 7.0 includes a special kind of object called a frame. While a frame behaves in many ways like any other PageMaker graphic object (for example – a frame can have stroke and fill attributes), a frame differs in two important ways:
1.A frame can hold content – either text or graphics – or serve as a placeholder for content.
2. One text frame can be threaded to other text frames so that a single story can flow through multiple frames.
In general, you’ll want to use frames as placeholders for content in structured documents such as newspapers or newsletters.

Advantages of Frames:
By drawing empty frames as placeholders and threading text frames together, you create a template in which the layout and structure of the publication is set and content is easily poured into assigned spaces.

Creating a Frame:
1.To create a frame you use the  tools in the toolbox. 
Note:  If you add a frame to a master page, its border and content appears on each publication page to which the master is applied – you cannot, from a publication page, add content to a frame placed on a master page.

2. Create or select a PageMaker shape.

3. Choose Element > Frame > Change to Frame. The shape preserves its fill, line weight and other object attributes.

Using Wrapping Text in PageMaker 
Wrapping Text around Graphics:

One of the best ways to create visual impact in a publication is to wrap text around graphics.

To Wrap Text around a Graphics:

1.Select a graphic or image.

2. Choose Element > Text Wrap.

3. Click the Wrap Option according to your graphic or image you are working with.

4. Specify a Text Flow option.

4a. The leftmost Text Flow icon jumps text over a graphic and continues the text on the next page or column.

4b. The middle icon allows text to jump over a graphic and continue on the same page. 

4c. The rightmost icon creates a rectangular text wrap around all sides of a graphic.

5. Enter standoff values for the boundary. The standoff values determine the distance of the text from each side of the graphic.

6. Select Wrap Text on Same Layer Only if you want text on other layers to ignore the text wrap boundary.

7. Click OK.

Here is an example of Text Wrap:

Fig 2

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Career In Information Technology

Millions of vacancy comes out every year in Information technology sector. It is the fastest growing industry where scope will never end because of digitisation. A computer literate person is not only able to get job in nation but there is a great scope in international level. So there is a good chance of making career in this field. best career options in IT And if any one is entrepreneur then no doubt he or she can earn unlimited as per the calibre. Any student who have done course from Akhil Bhartiya Computer Shiksha Abhiyan Can Make Career In following ways: Student can open his or her own computer education center/computer training center of hardware and software. Student can become web designer. Student can become a network engineer. He or she can become faculty/teacher in any institute. Person can get job as a computer operator. Student can start career as a hardware professional. Person can become a programmer or software developer. Student can work as